Agriculture 4.0 contributed to the higher productivity of the sector
26 November 2019
The technological advances represented 59% of the growth of gross agricultural production between 1975 and 2015
One of the main responsible for food production in the world, Brazilian agribusiness is preparing to meet the food demand of the world population in the future, estimated at 10 billion people in 2050. For this purpose, the segment is aligned with a study conducted by the United Nations (UN), which assesses that in order to guarantee the sustainability of the food system, it will be necessary to reformulate the way in which food is produced in the world.
For this reason, Brazil has been investing resources in research, development, innovation and technology to increase food production by increasing the productivity of crops and livestock, in line with environmental sustainability and the recovery of degraded areas. Between 1975 and 2017, a study by Embrapa points out that grain production increased more than six times, from 38 million tons to 236 million, while the planted area only doubled. Technological advances represented 59% of the growth in the gross value of agricultural production between 1975 and 2015, which allowed, for example, that soybeans are found in several regions of the country and that unproductive areas become productive.
According to data from the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (MAP), the productivity of Brazilian agriculture has an annual growth rate of 3.36% between 1975 and 2018. And, this percentage may be even higher with Agriculture 4.0, which has the intention of optimizing the entire production process and, consequently, agricultural production, through the adoption, in an integrated and connected way, of digital resources.
In Brazil, this reality is already in the field with the use of drones, sensors, biotechnology, climate analysis system, telemetry and resources that use Big Data and the Internet of things. These technologies allow to collect and analyze data related to temperature, soil conditions, air humidity, among others, as well as to detect problems and failures in planting and irrigation, pests and diseases in crops; to monitor and manage the entire plantation; apply automation concepts from agriculture to harvest; automate spraying processes; Collect geographic information for assertive crop planning and reduce waste of agricultural inputs and natural resources.
Even in terms of innovation and technology, Radar AgTech 2019, an initiative of SP Ventures, Embrapa and Homo Ludens Research and Consulting, mapped 1,125 new Brazilian companies that operate in the agri-food market, with approximately 90% in the south and southeast. The agtechs fall into three categories: before the farm (197), inside the farm (398) and after the farm (530). The first is related to biological control technologies, soil nutrition, genomics and biotechnology. The second is related to management systems such as sensors (IoT), drones and digital and precision cultivation platforms. Finally, in the third there are new foods, markets, independent stores and traceability.
The main equipment, systems and software to increase productivity in the field, whether in Brazil or abroad, will be at Agrishow 2020 - 27th International Fair of Agricultural Technology in Action, which will take place from April 27 to May 1, in Ribeirão Negro (Sao Paulo).
The fair is an initiative of the main agribusiness entities in the country: Abag - Brazilian Association of Agribusiness, Abimaq - Brazilian Association of Machinery and Equipment Industry, Anda - National Fertilizer Diffusion Association, FAESP - State Federation of Agriculture and Livestock São Paulo and SRB - Brazilian rural society. The event is organized by Informa Markets, the main promoter of trade fairs in Brazil and around the world.
AGRISHOW 2020 – 27th International Fair of Agricultural Technology in Action Date: April 27 to May 1, 2020
Place: Antônio Duarte Nogueira St., Km 321 - Ribeirão Preto (SP)
Schedule: from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Source: Informa Markets